In January 1914, “Nigeria” was created by the merger of the various British protectorates that extended north to south. At the end of the First World War, all German territories were divided by the Treaty of Versaille between France and Great Britain. The League of Nations has placed him under a French or British mandate. The borders between British And French Cameroon were defined by the Franco-British declaration of 10 July 1919. In this agreement, Bakassi and the rest of the “British Cameroonians” were placed under British mandate and co-administered with “Nigeria” but not merged. The old 1913 border was maintained. To continue codifying this point, further agreements were signed between Great Britain and France on 29 December 1929 and 11 January 1930. These declarations were ratified on 9 January 1931 between the French Ambassador to London and the British Foreign Minister and were incorporated into an exchange of notes. Here too, maps from this period show the Bakassi Peninsula among the “British Cameroonians” (Omoigui 2006). Cameroon filed its border dispute with Nigeria with the ICJ in 1994, after the occupation of Bakassi territory by Nigerian troops on 12 December 1993. Cameroon devoted its claim to Bakassi`s possession in the Anglo-German Treaty of 11 March 1913, when the two territories, now called Cameroon and Nigeria, were under colonial rule.
Without success, Nigeria attempted to challenge the legal basis of the 1913 treaty by arguing that the two settlers had no possibility of ceding territory and that the agreement had not been ratified by either of the parliaments of the two nations. Nigeria also stated without success that Gowon`s alleged flight from the peninsula had not been approved by the Supreme Military Council, which was then the country`s law (Aghemelo and Ibhasebhor 2006). This contribution assessed the impact of the Bakassi conflict resolution between Cameroon and Nigeria on lasting peace and sustainable economic development. In particular, the document (1) has developed a conceptual framework for the dynamics and resolution of international conflicts; (2) examines the geopolitics of Bakassi`s dispute; and (3) examined the impact of Bakassi`s conflict resolution on socio-economic development and international conflict resolution. A monitoring committee made up of representatives from Cameroon, Nigeria, the United Nations, Germany, the United States, France and the United Kingdom was set up to oversee the implementation of the agreement.  The main objective of this document is to assess the impact of the Bakassi Settlement between Cameroon and Nigeria on sustainable economic peace and development.