There is also a risk that the securities in question will depreciate before the due date, in which case the lender may lose money during the transaction. This time risk is the reason why the shortest buyback transactions have the most favourable returns. How much of the portfolio of free cash securities is available for use in RRP operations? The FOMC instructed the Desk to conduct, overnight, RRP (ON RRP) transactions in amounts limited only by the value of the cash securities held at the soma, which are available for such transactions. To determine this value, the desk takes into account several factors, as not all cash securities held in the SOMA are available for such transactions. First, some of the treasury bills held in the SOMA are required to carry out reverse retirement transactions with foreign official and international accounts. Second, some treasury bills are required to support the desk`s securities lending operations. If the desk were to perform RRPs, cash securities as collateral for unpaid RRP maturities would not be available as collateral for ON RRP operations. Pension agreements have a risk profile similar to all securities lending transactions. That is, they are relatively safe transactions, since they are secured credits, which are generally used as custodians by a third party.
In India, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) uses repo and Reverse Repo to increase or reduce the money supply in the economy. The interest rate at which the RBI lends to commercial banks is referred to as “repo”). In the event of inflation, the RBI can increase the pension rate, which prevents banks from lending and reduces the money supply of the economy.  From September 2020, RBI rest is set at 4.00% and reverse rest at 3.35%.  Reverse reposatz is the interest rate offered by the Bundesbank to other operating banks that pay or place their cash reserves or securities in the Bundesbank`s public treasury. This is considered a much better and safer parking route than allocating the same to businesses or customers as in the reverse pension, securities or funds are safe at the Bundesbank. The parts of the repurchase and reverse-repurchase agreement are defined and agreed upon at the beginning of the agreement. Retirement transactions are usually short-term transactions, often literally overnight. However, some contracts are open and do not have a fixed due date, but the reverse transaction is usually done within one year.
Overall, a reverse pension transaction is a transaction concluded on the reference date between the institution and the owner of the financial assets, in which the main users of such an agreement are usually the monetary authorities, financial institutions, investment companies, sovereign wealth funds, commercial banks, pension funds, insurance, etc. Reverse rest is mainly used by monetary authorities to obtain money from the banking system and to reduce or prohibit the increase in liquidity in the market in order to control the money supply in the economy. In the case of a reverse repurchase agreement, two parties are usually involved.